What are other plants containing cannabinoids besides Cannabis?
A cannabinoid is a chemical compound that interacts with a large regulatory system in the body. That system is known as the Endocannabinoid System, and it’s responsible for maintaining homeostasis in our bodies. Homeostasis is the perfect internal balance required for optimum health.
The Endocannabinoid System regulates physiologic pathways in the human body, including gastrointestinal activity, cardiovascular activity, protection of neurons, hormonal regulation, immune function, inflammatory reactions, and inhibition of tumor cells.
When people think of healing cannabinoids, their minds automatically think Cannabis, but you will be surprised to know that there are actually quite a few other plants that contain this cannabinoid chemical.
Here are 5 other plants that contain cannabinoids that you might not know about:
We’ve all heard that the Echinacea plant is popular to help combat the common cold, but did you know that it can also relieve chronic tiredness, anxiety, arthritis pain and migraines.
Echinacea is quite different in the fact that it actually uses cannabimimetics instead of cannabinoids to regulate the endocannabinoid system.
2. Liverwort (Radula marginata)
Turns out there may be another version of THC out there in the world. Indigenous to New Zealand, Liverwort contains a large amount of cannabinoids as perrottetinenic acid, which is similar to THC, the psychoactive component in cannabis.
3. Electric Daisy (Acmella oleracea)
The Electric Daisy, or "spilanthes", is native to the Amazon and can also be referred to as the toothache plant, due to its ability to be made in to a strong painkilling gel. Studies by Cambridge University found that the plant effectively blocked pain receptors at nerve endings.
Cannabinoid-like compounds known as N-Isobutylamides act on the CB2 receptor, making this odd-looking flower a powerful painkiller and inflammation fighter.
4. Black Pepper (Piper nigrum)
Black pepper contains a molecule called beta-caryophyllene (BCP) and has been found to function as a cannabinoid. Various studies found that BCP could be used for the treatment of arthritis and osteoporosis, and may potentially increase the effectiveness of certain anti-cancer drugs.
5. South African Daisy (Helichrysum)
This native South African daisy contains a large amount of cannabigerol (CBG) which has been proven to have antidepressant, mood stabilizing, and anti-inflammatory properties.
Research shows that cannabinoid-like compounds are made by plants, starting from an aromatic acid, which is different from the normal cannabinoid biosynthetic route. Helichrysum is used in African ritual ceremonies to make fumes with a potential psychotropic effect similar to other cannabinoids.
Bonus: Cacao (Theobroma cacao)
Cacao contains a variety of compounds that interact with the endocannabinoid system. Similar to non-psychoactive CBD found in cannabis, cacao contains compounds that interact with a particular enzyme in the body.
Researchers from the Neurosciences Institute of San Diego found anandamide and two other separate compounds in cacao that act as cannabinoids.
Cannabinoid Plant References:
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