Coffee is a drink that has been around for centuries and has become one of the most popular drinks in the world. This can be made from many different beans, but there are two main types: Arabica and Robusta.
It comes with its special vocabulary including "espresso," "latte," and "Frappucino." This blog post will cover coffee basics such as what it is, how to make it properly, and what you should know about this delicious beverage!
A brewed drink is prepared from roasted beans, the seeds of berries from certain flowering plants in the Coffea genus. From the fruit, the seeds are separated to produce a stable, raw product: unroasted green beans.
The seeds are then roasted, a process that transforms them into a consumable product. Roasted coffee, which is ground into fine particles that are typically steeped in hot water before being filtered out, producing a "cup of joe".
Trees are pruned short to conserve their energy and aid in harvesting but can grow to more than 30 feet high. Each tree is covered with green, waxy leaves growing opposite each other in pairs. Cherries grow along the branches. Because it grows in a continuous cycle, it's not unusual to see flowers, green fruit, and ripe fruit simultaneously on a single tree.
It takes nearly a year for a cherry to mature after first flowering, and about 5 years of growth to reach full fruit production. While the plants can live up to 100 years, they are generally the most productive between the ages of 7 and 20.
Proper care can maintain and even increase their output over the years, depending on the variety. The average tree produces 10 pounds of coffee cherry per year or 2 pounds of beans.
Within the genus, there are over 500 genera and 6,000 species of tropical trees and shrubs. Experts estimate that there are anywhere from 25 to 100 species of coffee plants.
The genus was first described in the 18th century by the Swedish botanist, Carolus Linneaus, who also described Coffea Arabica in his Species Plantarum in 1753.
Botanists have disagreed ever since on the exact classification since it can range widely. They can be small shrubs to tall trees, with leaves from one to 16 inches in size, and in colors from purple or yellow to the predominant dark green.
A brewed drink that contains caffeine and can be drunk black or with milk, sugar, and flavorings added to it. This drink has been around for centuries and has become an integral part of our culture in recent times.
You'll find that there are lots of different flavors to choose from: some people like their drink black, others enjoy flavored coffees such as hazelnut or pumpkin spice latte' - which is always good during the fall season!